Vatica Chinensis L. (ചെറുപൈൻ)
Scientific Name: Vatica chinensis L.
Synonyms: Vateria roxburghiana Wight, atica sinensis J.F.Gmel.
Unique ID: 142
Sub Class: Polypetalae
Malayalam – ചെറുപൈൻ
Tamil – Vella payin
Description: Evergreen trees, to 25 m high, bole buttressed; bark pale green, smooth; exudation resinous; young shoots, buds, outside of perianth exposed in bud, lepidote. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules small, fugacious; petiole 20-50 mm long, stout, glabrous; lamina 9-25 x 3-11 cm, ovate or oblong, base obtuse or broadly cuneate, apex obtusely acute, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 10-14 pairs, parallel, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers bisexual, white, in axillary spreading panicles; pedicels 5-ribbed; ribs alternating with sepals; calyx tube very short, adnate to the base of the ovary; lobes 5, ovoid-deltoid, acute, pubescent; petals 5, white, oblong; stamens 15 in 2 rows; filaments short, flattened at base; anthers oblong, shortly apiculate; ovary superior, covered with large shallow pits, lepidote, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style about as long as ovary, ribbed; stigmas densely papillose, obscurely 3-lobed. Fruit a capsule, lepidote, subglobose shortly pointed with 3 obscure, loculicidal furrows, puberulous; pericarp coriaceous; calyx persistent. Flowering and fruiting: March-June
Habitat: Along streams of evergreen forests.
Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
Uses: Wood is durable in moist and water immersions also, used in building construction. Resin used in folk medicine and manufacturing varnishes.
Other: Critically Endangered (IUCN).