Queen Crape Myrtle (മണിമരുത്)
Scientific Name: Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers.
Synonyms: Adambea glabra Lam., Adambea hirsuta Lam.
Unique ID: 176
English – Pride of India
Malayalam – മണിമരുത്
Tamil – Pu marutu
Hindi – Jaral
Description: L. speciosa is a shrub to large tree with multiple trunks or stems diverging from just above ground level, up to 40(45) m tall and 100(-150) cm in diameter. Leaves opposite, distichous, simple, entire, stipules minute or absent. Flowers in a large, axillary or terminal panicle, often showy, calyx funnel or bell shaped, 6(9) lobed, petals often 6, inserted near the mouth of the calyx tube, white to pink or purple, clawed, wrinkled, stamens many, in several rows, ovary superior, 3-6 locular with many ovules in each cell, style 1. Fruit a large woody capsule on the persistent calyx. Seed with an apical wing
Habitat: Within its native distribution range, L. speciosa grows in semi-evergreen and evergreen forest mostly along streams
Distribution: L. speciosa is native to temperate and tropical Asia including the Indian subcontinent, China, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines
Uses: Ornamental, fuelwood, wood products, animal feed, agroforestry, timber, gum , resin, essential oil.