Malabar Tamarind (കുടംപുളി)
Scientific Name: Garcinia gummi-gutta (L.) Roxb.
Synonyms: Cambogia gummi-gutta L., Cambogia solitaria Stokes
Unique ID: 77
Sub Class: Polypetalae
English – Malabar tamarind
Malayalam – കുടംപുളി
Tamil – Kottukkappuli
Description: Habit: Trees up to 12 m tall; Trunk & Bark:Outer bark reddish brown, lenticellate; blaze reddish; Branches and Branchlets: Branches drooping; young branchlets subterete, glabrous; Exudates: Latex yellow, profuse; Leaves: Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 5-1.6 cm long, planoconvex or shallowly canaliculate above, slightly sheathing at base; lamina 5-13 x 2-6 cm; variable in shape from narrow elliptic, oblanceolate to obovate, apex usually acute, sometimes obtuse, base cuneate to attenuate, coriaceous or subcoriaceous; secondary nerves not prominent on both sides; tertiary nerves obscure; Inflorescence / Flower:
Flowers polygamous, in axillary or terminal clusters; calyx cream; petals pink; Fruit and Seed: Berry, globose, 6-8 grooved, to 5 cm in diameter; many seeded.
Habitat: Frequent understorey tree in evergreen forests up to 1800 m.
Distribution: Western Ghats and Sri Lanka; in the Western Ghats- throughout in South and Central Sahyadris.
Uses: Fruits : spices and condiments ; used in Ayurveda; The ripe fruit which is very acidic can be eaten raw or cooked with other vegetables. The fruit which exudes golden yellow juices can be eaten by roasting or boiling