Indian Bowstring Hemp
Scientific Name: Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult. & Schult.f.
Synonyms: Acyntha roxburghiana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Kuntze, Cordyline roxburghiana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Merr.
Unique ID: 211
English – Indian bow string hemp
Tamil – Mottamanji
Hindi – Marul
Description: A stemless fleshy herb upto 70cm. Flower : In recemes on a stout scape; greenish, tinged purple. Flowering December-February and July-September.Fruit : A globose berry, indehiscent; seed(s) 1-3, globose, fleshy. Fruiting throughout the year. Rootstock short, often stoloniferous or a creeping rhizome. Leaves deeply concave, channelled, green transversely marked with number of darker bars, edges often whitish when old.
Habitat: Found on rocky slopes, scrub jungles and hedges from plains to 1400m
Distribution: Indian and Sri Lanka
Uses: The fibre from the leaves used for various purposes. Fibre from the leaves used to make ropes for tying brooms and for other agricultural purposes.