African Tulip tree (ഫൗണ്ടൈൻമരം)

Scientific Name:Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.

Synonyms:Bignonia tulipifera Schum. ,
 Spathodea danckelmaniana Buettn.

Systematic Position
Class: Dicotylodonae
Sub Class:   Gamopetalae
Family: Bignoniaceae

Common Names
Squirt tree, African Tulip tree
Hindi: Rugtoora

Description: The tree grows between 7–25 m (23–82 ft) tall. The African tulip tree flower produces large flamboyant reddish-orange flowers that have approximately five petals and are 8-15 cm long. The flowers are bisexual and zygomorphic. These are displayed in a terminal corymb-like raceme inflorescence. Its pedicel is approximately 6 cm long. This flower also has a yellow margin and throat. The pistil can be found at center of four stamens that is inserted on the corolla tube. This flower has a slender ovary that is superior and is two celled. The seeds of this tree are flat, thin, and broadly winged.

Habitat: Cultivated on roadsides

Distribution: India: Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh; Tropical Africa

Uses: folk medicine, Insecticidal properties